This reviewer job could have been done in just 2 hours but it took nearly 2 months! I will never again submit to this journal. It shows no respect for the authors. Motivation: Everything was clear, rather quick, and properly handled by the editors. The referee comments were appropriate and helped us.
The overall duration of hte revision process was absolutely acceptable. Motivation: This experience was revealed that choosing the experienced and efficient high scientific level reviewers is the key to make efficient reviewing process.
Motivation: After publishing in several other journals, the overall experience in working with JPC-C was eye-opening. Not only were the referee reports in total, as well as their criticism relevant something that can sadly not be expected from certain other journalsbut they also arrived fast.
Interaction with the editing staff was flawless and uncomplicated. I can only recommend JPC-C to everyone.Physical chemistry is the study of macroscopicand particulate phenomena in chemical systems in terms of the principles, practices, and concepts of physics such as motionenergyforcetimethermodynamicsquantum chemistrystatistical mechanicsanalytical dynamics and chemical equilibrium.
The key concepts of physical chemistry are the ways in which pure physics is applied to chemical problems. One of the key concepts in classical chemistry is that all chemical compounds can be described as groups of atoms bonded together and chemical reactions can be described as the making and breaking of those bonds. Predicting the properties of chemical compounds from a description of atoms and how they bond is one of the major goals of physical chemistry.
To describe the atoms and bonds precisely, it is necessary to know both where the nuclei of the atoms are, and how electrons are distributed around them. Another set of important questions in chemistry concerns what kind of reactions can happen spontaneously and which properties are possible for a given chemical mixture. This is studied in chemical thermodynamicswhich sets limits on quantities like how far a reaction can proceed, or how much energy can be converted into work in an internal combustion engineand which provides links between properties like the thermal expansion coefficient and rate of change of entropy with pressure for a gas or a liquid.
To a limited extent, quasi-equilibrium and non-equilibrium thermodynamics can describe irreversible changes. Which reactions do occur and how fast is the subject of chemical kineticsanother branch of physical chemistry. A key idea in chemical kinetics is that for reactants to react and form productsmost chemical species must go through transition states which are higher in energy than either the reactants or the products and serve as a barrier to reaction.
A second is that most chemical reactions occur as a sequence of elementary reactions each with its own transition state. Key questions in kinetics include how the rate of reaction depends on temperature and on the concentrations of reactants and catalysts in the reaction mixture, as well as how catalysts and reaction conditions can be engineered to optimize the reaction rate.
The fact that how fast reactions occur can often be specified with just a few concentrations and a temperature, instead of needing to know all the positions and speeds of every molecule in a mixture, is a special case of another key concept in physical chemistry, which is that to the extent an engineer needs to know, everything going on in a mixture of very large numbers perhaps of the order of the Avogadro constant6 x 10 23 of particles can often be described by just a few variables like pressure, temperature, and concentration.
The precise reasons for this are described in statistical mechanics a specialty within physical chemistry which is also shared with physics. Statistical mechanics also provides ways to predict the properties we see in everyday life from molecular properties without relying on empirical correlations based on chemical similarities. Modern physical chemistry originated in the s to s with work on chemical thermodynamicselectrolytes in solutions, chemical kinetics and other subjects.
Journal of Physical Chemistry C: Nanomaterials and interfaces
This paper introduced several of the cornerstones of physical chemistry, such as Gibbs energychemical potentialsand Gibbs' phase rule. Together with Svante August Arrhenius these were the leading figures in physical chemistry in the late 19th century and early 20th century.
All three were awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry between — Developments in the following decades include the application of statistical mechanics to chemical systems and work on colloids and surface chemistrywhere Irving Langmuir made many contributions. Another important step was the development of quantum mechanics into quantum chemistry from the s, where Linus Pauling was one of the leading names.
Theoretical developments have gone hand in hand with developments in experimental methods, where the use of different forms of spectroscopysuch as infrared spectroscopymicrowave spectroscopyelectron paramagnetic resonance and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopyis probably the most important 20th century development. Further development in physical chemistry may be attributed to discoveries in nuclear chemistryespecially in isotope separation before and during World War IImore recent discoveries in astrochemistry as well as the development of calculation algorithms in the field of "additive physicochemical properties" practically all physicochemical properties, such as boiling point, critical point, surface tension, vapor pressure, etc.
See Group contribution methodLydersen methodJoback methodBenson group increment theoryquantitative structure—activity relationship.
Historical journals that covered both chemistry and physics include Annales de chimie et de physique started inpublished under the name given here from — From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Physiological chemistry or Chemical physics. This article's lead section may be too long for the length of the article. Please help by moving some material from it into the body of the article. Please read the layout guide and lead section guidelines to ensure the section will still be inclusive of all essential details.
Please discuss this issue on the article's talk page. January See also: History of chemistry. Main category: Physical chemistry journals.
Thermochemistry Chemical kinetics Quantum chemistry Electrochemistry Photochemistry Surface chemistry Solid-state chemistry Spectroscopy Biophysical chemistry Materials science Physical organic chemistry Micromeritics. Surface chemistry and electrochemistry of membranes. CRC Press. Molecular Quantum Mechanicsp. Oxford University Press, New York.
Statistical Physics3rd Ed.The Journal of Physical Chemistry C is devoted to reporting new and original experimental and theoretical basic research of interest to physical chemists, biophysical chemists, and chemical physicists. An essential criterion for acceptance of research articles in the journal is that they provide new physical insight. Please refer to the New Physical Insights virtual issue on what constitutes new physical insight.
Manuscripts that are essentially reporting data or applications of data are, in general, not suitable for publication in JPC C. To be appropriate for publication in JPC Cnanomaterial papers should demonstrate an improved understanding of a physical process.
Papers that emphasize nanomaterial synthesis and characterization are not appropriate for the Journal. Please refer to the Author Guidelines for extended details. Pair your accounts. Your Mendeley pairing has expired.
Journal of Materials Chemistry C
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Journal articles Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.JPC: How I Got Started in Physical Chemistry
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Newton in Japan. Nature, A journal article with 2 authors. Yu, H.
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Find more information on the Altmetric Attention Score and how the score is calculated. A wet cotton rag becomes stiff after natural drying. We propose a model for this hardening phenomenon, which explains that the stiffness of cotton is caused by a cross-linked network between single fibers, mediated by capillary adhesion of bound water on the surface of cellulose. Here, with the aid of atomic force microscopy and atomic force microscopy—infrared spectroscopy, we reveal the existence of the bound water on the surface of a cotton single fiber under naturally dried conditions.
We also find that the hydrogen bonding state of the bound water is distinct from that of the bulk water.
Two stretching modes of OH groups are clearly decoupled from each other, which arise from the effects of the air—water hydrophobic and water—cellulose hydrophilic interfaces. This suggests a possible link between the microscopic nature of the bound water and the macroscopic mechanical behavior of cotton fabrics.
Figure 1. Schematic illustration of hydrogen bonding cross-linking between cotton single fibers mediated by bound water. Figure 2. Figure 3. Figure 4. ATR-IR spectra of cotton cloths. Inset shows the residual spectrum obtained by the subtraction of b from a. Figure 5. Inset shows an enlarged view of the spectra for the completely dry condition. We are also grateful to Dr. We would like to thank Prof. Kaoru Tsujii Hokkaido University for his useful suggestions regarding our original idea of the hardening mechanism of cotton.